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National Commission for SCs

National Commission for SCs

  • National Commission for Scheduled Castes (SCs) is a constitutional body in the sense that it is directly established by Article 338 of the Constitution.
  • The 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1990 provided for the establishment of a high-level multi-member National Commission for SCs and STs.
  • Again, the 89th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2003 bifurcated the combined National Commission for SCs and STs into two separate bodies, namely,
  1. National Commission for Scheduled Castes (under Article 338) and
  2. National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (under Article 338-A).

 National Commission for SCs: Composition

  • It consists of a chairperson, a vice-chairperson and three other members. They are appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal.
  • Their conditions of service and tenure of office are also determined by the President.
  • The commission presents reports to the president.
  • The President places all such reports before the Parliament, along with a memorandum explaining the action taken on the recommendations made by the Commission.
  • The Central government and the state governments are required to consult the Commission on all major policy matters affecting the SCs.
  • The Commission is also required to discharge similar functions with regard to the Anglo-Indian Community as it does with respect to the SCs.


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